Inspiring stories of some Indian villages unfurling flag of success towards rural development
Hiware Bazar Village
Nagar, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
The village ‘Hiware Bazar’ is situated in Nagar taluka of districtAhmednagar, Maharashtra. It is about 19 km west of Ahmednagar railway station. Geographically, it comes under the rain shadow region of Western Ghats in Sahyadri mountain range with average annual rainfall of about 578.8 mm. On an average there are 35 rainy days per year. 795.23 hectares of area is cultivable out of total geographical area of the village which is 976.84 hectares .
Natural resources in this rain shadow area are scarce. Local vegetation covercomprises of shrubbery and a few native variety of trees.The population of the village is almost 1500 . In 1994, bringing Joint Forest Management (JFM) programme to the village resulted in regeneration of complete degradation 70 hectares of village forest and the catchments of the village wells. Key concerns for substantial energy needs are met through bio-gas and solar sources; the former also supports organic farming .
Sh. PopatraoBajugiPawar, an enterprising Sarpanch of Hiware Bazar village led the journey of transformation from a drought-prone village to a green and prosperous model village. Sh. Pawar transformed his village meant as a 'punishment zone' for underperforming officials to the place for which Maharashtra state received itsfirst National Productivity Award in the field of watershed management .
Major Impact 
·Improvement in the water balance sheet with the rise in ground water level from 75 ft. to 22 ft.
·Change in cropping pattern from traditional crops to various horticultural and cash crops.
·Increase in cropping intensity and fodder availability
·Increase in cow based economy like milk and milk products
Government Schemes Utilised 
With the formation of Yashwant Agriculture and Water Deployment Trust and its integration withthe state level developmental program i.e.Adarsh Gram Yojana (AGY) in 1994-95 about 52 earthen bunds, two percolation tanks, 33 loose stone bunds were constructed. About nine check dams have also been constructed in a series on the downstream nallah. District Rural Development Agency has extended the financial assistance for the construction of training center for the sarpanches. The trend of reverse migration is witnessed due to the implementation of Employment Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Conditional cash transfer (CCT) scheme.
Awards and Recognition
·Ideal Village Award, 1998 byGovt. of Maharashtra.
·National Productivity Award in Dryland Farming in 1997–98 by Govt. of India .
Ramachandrapuram is a small village with 471 households in KohedaMandal of Karimnagar district in Telangana. It has achieved remarkable transformation through innovations in self-governance arrangements, and participatory planning and development. The most interesting feature of this story of transformation is the structural innovations and the “VillageGovernment” metaphor that carried the process .
Lacking and Shortfall
Before scientific interventions, the village was suffering from various social and economic constraints.
·Low employment alternatives; seasonal and longer-term emigration was an established pattern.
·Low agriculture productivity was due to lack of irrigation.
·High consumption of liquor was reported in the village every day.
·Low ground water table with high content of fluoridewas causing fluorosis.
·Lack of basic infrastructure
·Poor health and education facilities.
·The renaissance firstly movement for eradication of the liquor production and sale was started. Awareness was generated against alcoholism through extensive discussion, house-to-house visits by village committee members. A close monitoring was done to follow the established rules.
·The Sarpanch revived the village school and developed better quality education as a part of the ICDS project; he also initiated two Anganwadi centres in the village.
·The key innovation has been the governance structure that the Gram Panchayat has adopted. First is the “Cabinet system”.RamchandrapurPanchayat has all the elected members constituting the “Village Cabinet”, with each ward member acting as a “Minister’’.
·Further, water supply through pipe system was built. It drew water from the river through pipes and distributed it from two water tanks constructed for the purpose in the village.
·The electricity board has sanctioned a 33/11 kVA substation for the village to address the electricity needs.
·To address sanitation issues with no drainage system in the village, the Gram Panchayat encouraged people to build soakage pits near the discharge points.
Highlights of the Major Impacts
·Production and sale of liquor was completely banned.
·The school was revitalized and well-equipped to teach updated courses.
·The village got its own substation ensuring uninterrupted power supply.
·Piped water from the river is supplied to village, avoiding the fluoride contaminated groundwater.
·With the introduction of irrigation systems there has been increase in land under cultivation.
·Village has seen doubling of average income ofa household.
·The village now has concrete roads, and is well connected in all directions.
·In first of its kind, all the residents of Ramchandrapuram village have pledged to donate their eyes after death.
Participation is through Gram Panchayat and Gram Sabhas. Frequently held Gram Sabhas are considered very important in getting all villagers on board in various developmental projects.
The village had to raise funds from other sources, and this was difficult given the bad reputation of the village due to illicit liquor mafia operating in the region. There was also a lack of information on possible sources of raising capital for developmental works.However renewed efforts put into drawing the funds from State and Central Government sponsored Schemes made the difference.This village now prides for being amongst the Model Villages of India. Theresources are also arranged from annual turnover from all theagricultural activities in Ramchandrapur which is now worth over Rs. 3.5 crore.The practice of thrift-savings and insurance is now widespread. There are 29 SHGs, 7 farmers’groups and also a thrift group each for men and women. They also save through private savings.The village has 1,490 registered voters with 1,750 insurance policies, and a total premium payoutof the village is between Rs. 30-40 lakhs. Individual household savings also amounts to about Rs.40-50 lakh. Put together Rs. 1 crore is the collective annual saving in this small village.
1. Manual Integrated Village Planning and Development Lessons from Hiware Bazar, Gangadevapalli, Ramachandrapuram and Piplantri Gram Panchayats. 1sted, 2012 Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India Retrieved from www.in.undp.org/content/india/(Retrieved on 9 August 2016)
The Piplantri is a model village in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan. The village represents a story of successful village development through effective and enterprising local self-governance. The Panchayat is a “group Panchayat’, consisting of 12 hamlets located in seven (earlier six) revenue villages. The Panchayat has a total estimated population currently of about 6500 (2001 Census records 5138), with 1100 households and additional immigrants working in the adjacent quarry. Less than 15% are below poverty line .
Lacking and Shortfall
·People were leading a poor quality of life due to missing infrastructure and poor facilities.
·Poor drinking and irrigation water supply caused low agricultural productivity.
·Mining for Marble rocks and the quarrying had led to soil pollution. The marble dust usually blanketedthe fields with a fine layer of particulate matter, which hardened with moisture.
·Irregular and unsatisfactory work opportunities were availableto the Piplantri residentsin nearby quarry mines.
The Process of Transformation
The transformation began with the election of Mr. Shyam Sunder Paliwal as Sarpanch in the2005 Elections. The first initiative was to take up the issue of girl’s schooling which was difficult or discontinued because of the 15km distance to the nearest town high school. Under the SarvaShikshaAbhiyan existing school was upgraded to 12th grade.He convinced the local community to donate land, money or labour, and the local quarry management to provide additional funds, to construct exceptional premises and equip it with furniture and facilities.
·Sanitation & Hygiene:
The Sarpanch initiated several activities under the TotalSanitation Campaign (TSC), beginning with arranging funds for construction of separate and high-quality toilet facilities for girls and boys in all existing (and the new) schools, a total of 17 facilities. Support and advice on program opportunities was provided by the Block Development Officer. Educational campaigns and hygiene trainings by UNICEF were undertaken. Private household-level toilets were constructed for the 215 BPL families, with additional support from APL households. Common toilet facilities were also constructed in strategic locations, and in the Anganwadi centre. All households were persuaded to construct drains and soakage pits in their respective backyards to keep the roads clean. Keeping children in consideration, cleanliness supplies such as soap and brush for cleaning napkins, nail cutters, mirror, comb and hair-oil were given.
The success of the sanitation drive won the village the Nirmal Gram Award, and selection under the DeenDayalUpadhyayAdarshGaonYojana of the State, provided more resources for various initiatives. A pressing village issue, the falling level of ground water, could be addressed. Water harvesting through check dams on stream beds, rooftop rainwater collection in the schools and land treatment for retention was initiated through collective decision-making and pooling resources from different program sources and voluntary contributions.
1.5 lakh trees have been planted on denuded hillsides caused due to consistent mining activity.Construction of check dams made plenty of water available for irrigation. Solar-powered pumps are also being used to water plantations. With the increasing greenery cover, there is a plentiful fodder for the animals and in turn harvests show a profitable trend.Dumping permission for quarry waste on village common land was revoked by the Gram Sabha and the company concerned was asked to clear the land at the earliest.
·Drinking Water Supply
To meet drinking water needs, the Gram Sabha decided on a piped-water supply system. Using the opportunity provided by the Swajaldhara program by Govt. of India 2002 . Thirteen piped water-supply schemes for potable water were developed in the eleven Panchayat wards, covering 800 plus households. Two solar water pumps are installed to ensure supply, even if there is no electricity.
Village roads were constructed under the PradhanMantri Gram Sadak Yojana under the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India. Watershed treatments were undertaken under the state government program. Additional government schools and various staff were added under SSA and the Adarsh Gram Yojana. An AyurvedicAushadhalaya was constructed under Guru GolwalkarYojna; 50% of total expenditure was borne by the adjacent quarry company.
·Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR):
The R K Marbles, a mining company operating in village also contributed under CSR, providing for 450 metal tree guards for saplings in local educational institutes and schools.Since the Gram Panchayat could not afford high electricity bills, maintenance of streetlights and payment of electricity bills is handled by villagers themselves. The Gram Panchayat invited applications from families willing to bear the operational costs of one street light. Electricalmanufacturing companies also provided the initialset-up costs (approx. Rs.700) for the fixture. Today there are 350 such “street-lights”.
Open decision-making and community involvement have been key instruments in these processes. The Sarpanch Shri Paliwal, on assuming office changed the way Panchayat meetings were conducted and also made meetings a regular event. All the ward members and Sarpanch unanimously decided to conduct the meetings openly, in the presence of community elders and other interested citizens.
This initiated a process of transparent and inclusive decision making, and active participation. With initial successes in respect of school up gradation and the Total Sanitation Award, villagers responded with greater participation and voluntary contributions of land, labour, time, ideas and external connections in higher government and industry. At present, the Panchayat has gained the trust and belief of the villagers. They often seek judicial intervention of the Panchayat for social dispute resolution and settling of conflicts also.
Impact of Interventions
·Education: There are two schools upto secondary (10th class) and higher secondary (12th class) levels, and 11 schools upto the middle level (8th class) and ample playing area and equipment. There are almost no dropouts and even girls study on till at least high school. There are nine Aanganwadi Kendras which work efficiently.
·Sanitation: A number of well-maintained common sanitary facilities, 60 dustbins with regular waste collection and household- level soakage pits with kitchen gardens helped to keep the village environment hygienic. As a result, today Piplantri Gram Panchayat is known as a Nirmal Gram Panchayat, and has received the Award for total sanitation. It is also one of the villages recognized under the PanditDeenDayalUpadhyayaAdarsh Gram Yojna of the Rajasthan government.
·Heath: Health facilities are upgraded and working well, with three Primary Health Centers and one AyurvedicAushadhalaya.
·Afforestation: Over 1.5 lakh trees have been planted in the last 7-8 years. Effective watering and watch and ward systems have been initiated to ensure plantation survival and protection from free grazing. Agriculture has revived, and the common lands which were laid waste due to the dumping of quarry wastes are reclaimed and replanted.
·Others: Other resource like a Kisan Seva Kendra, two ration shops, a PatwarBhawan, a Community Hall, the Mahatma Gandhi Library and a herbal garden with solar powered water spinklers have been developed. All wells are flush with water;with 50-odd hand pumps providing portable water.
1.Manual Integrated Village Planning and Development Lessons from Hiware Bazar, Gangadevapalli, Ramachandrapuram and Piplantri Gram Panchayats. 1sted, 2012 Ministry of PanchayatiRaj,Government of India Retrieved from www.in.undp.org/content/india/(Retrieved on 9 August 2016)
Jhabua is a village inJhabua districtin Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Jhabua District. As of 2001Indiacensus,Jhabua had a population of 30,577. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. As per 2011 census, Jhabua has an average literacy rate of 44%. Male literacy is at 54% and female literacy is 34%. In Jhabua, 20% of the population is under 6 years of age. Jhabua city is famous for its black cotton soil commonly known as "White Gold". There are many interesting places in Jhabua Teshil .
Once a heavily forested area, Jhabua lost its natural wealth over the last 50 years. More than 30% of its forest lands stood without any tree cover. The impact of this forest degradation was felt most by the tribals who form 83% of the population. 500 people migrated every year searching for work and the women were left to tend livestock. It disturbed the close knit family life of the tribal populace .
Sensing the grim situation the Government of Madhya Pradesh launched watershed development program in Jhabua to revive its forest economy on 20 August 1994 .Holistic approach with multi-prong strategy was adopted in managing the water resources and land development. Participation of the people was actively sought. The overall development of the region was solely due to the coordinated efforts and commitment from political eliteandhelping hand by several administrative departments. Jhabua was brought under the Rajiv Gandhi Watershed Development Missioncovering most of the villages.
·Construction of small tanks to arrest the flowing water.
·Social afforestation drive undertaken to revive the greenery.
·High quality seeds were stored in Seed Banks for future use.
·Local Governance Model was established via setting up of Multi-layered accountability structure. The responsibilities and accountabilities were distributed evenly from Chief Minister and chief secretary at state government level right upto zila panchayat head and project implementation officer at watershed level.Self-help groups and women’s groupswere entitled to take decision at village level.
·Various village committees were formed to look after the budget and expenditure for watershed development. Government used to release three-fourths of the budget immediately post-approval of the work plan by the watershed committee.Best accounting practices were introduced to ease the availability of funds. Some part of the wages on account of volunteer labour by the villagers was set aside in fixed account. Day to day expenditures were also accounted and maintained.
·Recharge of water table and rise in ground water level.
·Increase in the forest cover with plantation of millions of trees and subsequent drop in wasteland area.
·More area brought under cultivation.
·Availability of Buffer stock of food grains kept for longer period.
·Greenery increased and subsequent availability of fodder for livestockmade easy.
Work done under Rajiv Gandhi Mission on Watershed Development (RGWMD)changed several socio-economic prospects of Jhabua people. The mission director R Gopalakrishnan highly praised the "Jhabua Model of development that can be replicated to tackle not only the problem of poverty, but also environmental problems. Jhabua's regeneration is striking because it has the three key Ingredients that go missing from most government programmes i.e. political will, competent and committed bureaucratic support, and people's participation.
·Created Infrastructure at the block and district level.
·Involved rural folk as the key players.
·Helped locals in decision making.
·Developed integrated approach to land and water conservation.
·Involved people's representatives and Panchayati Raj (local governance Institution) members.
The mission spread in 42 of the 45 districts of MP. Beginning Oct 1994 in Jhabua 12 government agencies and seven non-governmental organisations (NGOS) were working together. Jhabua emerged as a model of watershed management.
Nearly 30 per cent of Jhabua's terrain tilts one way or the other. The groundwater table has risen. Soil and water conservation has changed crop patterns, too. In the valley area of the hills, farmers now cultivate two crops including water-intensive paddy.The mission spread in 42 of the 45 districts of MP. Beginning Oct 1994 in Jhabua 12 government agencies and seven non-governmental organisations (NGOS) were working together. Jhabua emerged as a model of watershed management.
Gangadevipallyis a small village located inGeesukonda mandal of Warangal district of Telangana. It is about 15 km west of Warangal city center and237 km from Hyderabad, state capital of Telangana. Food crops likerice, a variety ofpulses,cotton,red chili, andturmericcrops are grown in this region. Native language is Telugu. Demographically this village has over 1300 souls . As have been a case with most of the villages in India, Gangadevipally was also struggling to survive. But with the successful introduction of socio-economic interventions Gangadevipally arose as a shining example of Rural Development for world to replicate.
Shri.Kusam Raja Mouli, a committed leaderwas not comfortable with the situation prevalent in his village.The village lacked basic necessities such as water; health and educational facilities, there were never adequate employment opportunities. Gandhiji’s dream for “GramaSwarajya” is being realized here by making village self-reliant in all necessities of life - food, clothing, clean water, sanitation, housing, education and so on, including government and all socially useful amenities required by a community.
·Bala Vikasa, a reputed Warangal-based NGO working with community driven development for the last three decades, assisted in solving the drinking water problem.
·Using BalaVikasa’s models of Asset Based Community Development, the community was mentored in uniting themselves in identifying, mobilizing and using locally available resources and capacities to build the foundation blocks of their village.
·Different committees have been looking for different aspects of development viz, Bala Vikasa Committee for Drinking Water, Sanitation, Alcohol Prohibition, Civil Supplies, Loans Recovery, Women’s Problem Resolving committee etc.
·Full alcohol prohibition was took place.
·Complete house tax collection was done.
·Now all houses have toilets with successful family planning drive initiated.
·Increased people participation in savings’ groups/schemes.
·Further 100% literacy was achieved.
·Availability of purified drinking water to all at Rs.300/year only was executed.
· Other impacts include village becoming child labor free. All children now attend school. From 1995 onwards, women were among the chief elected representatives in village committees.
Government Schemes Utilised
Development in village was supported by Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana.In 2014 October as part of the Saansad Adarsh Gram YojanaHon’ble Prime MinisterNarendra Modidecalred Gangadevipally as model village and in month of August 2015 Hon’ble Telangana Chief MinisterMr.KC Raosanctioned grant of Rs.10 crores in State Grama Jyothi Programme.
Awards and Recognition 
Nirmal Gram Puruskar 2007 by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, President of India
Rajiv Gandhi Bharat Ratan Best Gram Panchayat Award 2007 by Govt. of India
State level cleanliness Award 2008 by Chief Minister, Andhra Pradesh
Google Gram Panchayat Award 2010 by Google Inc (Rs.0.5 Million)
Peacemaker Award in 2012 by World Peace Festival Society
2.Manual Integrated Village Planning and Development Lessons from Hiware Bazar, Gangadevapalli, Ramachandrapuram and Piplantri Gram Panchayats. 1st ed, 2012 Ministry of Panchayati Raj,Government of India Retrieved from www.in.undp.org/content/india/(Retrieved on 9 August 2016)
Punsariis a village located inTalod taluka ofSabarkanthadistrict in the state ofGujarat, India. The village is located at about 80 km Northeast from the state capital,Gandhinagar. The population of Punsari has increased from 5500 in2011 to 6000 in June 2012. The village has undergone a transformation under the gram panchayat. There has been an extensive use of new and advanced technology in education. This village has wi-fi connection for all people. Efforts have been made for the empowerment of women folk. Some of the facilities provided by the gram panchayat include local mineral water supply, sewer & drainage project, a healthcare centre, Banking facilities and a toll-free complaint reception service.
Shri.Himanshu Narendrabhai Patel, a young Sarpanch is leading the way in Punsari gram with his farsighted vision for his village’s transformation. In six years, he has transformed the sleepy, garbage-littered village of Punsari, Gujarat, into a model of rural life. He is the role model for villagers.
·There has been introduction of Public Addressing System with speakers installed throughout the village for major announcements. Telephone bills, power bills, results of 10th and 12th are announced from these speakers. It is connected to the mobile phone and allows Sarpanch to call villagers to assemblewithout any delay.
·Proposal has been submitted to Government of Gujarat to set up Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation nearby so as to check migration towards cities for employment.
·A unit producing electricity out of plastic waste was established and e-rickshaws for garbage collection with sanctioned Rs.52 lakh from Gujarat Government were introduced.
·Construction of air-conditioned classrooms with smart classes augmented with computers and projectors has helped to enhance the enrollment of students from 300 students in 2006 to 600 presently.
·Closed-circuit cameras, Reverse Osmosis water purifying plants, air-conditioned schools, Wi-Fi, biometric machines have been installed. It took about eight years and Rs.16 crore to make an impact.
‘Punsari Model’ has been such a success that 500 panchayats in Gujarat alone have adopted it. Punsari now has a bottled drinking water plant,Rs.10-lakh bus for milk and home garbage collection. The village has demonstrated the understanding of various government schemes available and shown the ability of leveraging them properly to bring about a qualitative change at grass root level.
Government Schemes Utilised
District Rural Development Agency Fund, Backward Regional Grant Fund, devolution from 12th Finance Commission and under Self Help Group Yojnas. Not a single penny from MPLAD is being exploited.
Awards and Recognition
·Rajiv Gandhi Bharat Ratna India's best SarpanchAward 2011 by Govt. of India
·Best Gram Sabha awardon National Panchayati Raj Day in New Delhi by Govt. of India
·Best Gram Panchayat in Gujarat 2011 by Gujarat Govt.
·The village's model has been appreciated by delegates fromNairobiand they are keen to replicate this inKenyanvillages.
Ralegan Siddhiis a village inParnertalukaofAhmednagar District,Maharashtra. It is located at a distance of 87 km fromPune. The village has an area of 982.31 ha.The village falls in a drought prone (rain-shadow) region. The rainfall is between 200 mm and 850 mm per year. Most of the rainwater used to ran-off taking the valuable top soil with it and rendering the cultivable lands poorer in productivity.The village comprises of about 394 households.
Shri. Kisan BaburaoHazare, popularly known as Anna Hazare has been the torch bearer of the mass moment for integrated rural development. He has been instrumental in transforming the socio-economic landscape of his ancestral village ‘Ralegaon Siddhi’.
To increase the irrigated area, watershed development was undertaken by providing core wall by digging puddle trench upto the level of hard rock and villagers voluntarily supplied the free labour. A novel approach for developing modified Gabian structure with a core wall was introduced to check run-off water. It wasa cost effectivesolution and it was as effective as cement check dam. As a result people contributed 25% of their increased incomesfrom sustained agriculture due toimproved irrigation to other community based projects.
Recharging of ground water aquifers was done successfully. More land was brought under cultivation. Double cropping, change of farming system, horticulture plantations, vegetable cultivation and dairy farming was promoted. Ralegan Siddhi for some period of time also exported onions and vegetables to Gulf countries. Substantial increase in per capita income of the farmers, cooperative efforts helped create facilities like school, hostel, gymnasiums and credit society for villagers. Milk production went up to 4000 liters. This milk is purchased by cooperative and private dairies. This brings in Rs.1.3 to Rs.1.5 crores (13 to 15 million) annually to the village.
Government Schemes Utilised
Soil Conservation and the Social Forestry Department in collaboration with Tata Relief Committee (TRC), Ahmednagar district administration announced COWDEP (Comprehensive Wasteland Development Program) for Ralegan. Agriculture Department also selected Ralegan forKrishi Pandhari(Farm training and visits) scheme.
·Ralegan Siddhi is hailed as a Model village by Govt. of India
·Several International Organizations viz, Transparency International, Rotary International etc.have recognized Ralegan as a Role Model for Rural Development.
Mawlynnongis a village in theEast Khasi Hills districtof theMeghalayafamous for its cleanliness and natural attraction. Mawlynnong is located 90 km south fromShillong, capital city of Meghalaya. Demographically people residing in the community areKhasipeople. There are few hundred residents living in this village.The literacy rate is 100%.Agricultureis the chief occupation of the local population, withbetel nutbeing the main crop.
There are many interesting sights such as the living root-bridge and strange natural phenomenon of a boulder balancing on another rock. Mawlynnong is famous for being a rare matrilineal society, where property and wealth are passed on from the mother to her youngest daughter and children take their mother's surname.
Mawlynnong Village has earned the distinction of being the cleanest village in India. Mawlynnong nestled in the pristine hill state of Meghalaya, is along the Indo-Bangla border. This cute and colourful little village is known for its cleanliness. Keeping the surrounding environment clean is an age old tradition. Discover India magazine declared the village as the cleanest in Asia in 2003.
A dustbin made out of bamboo is found all along the village. Everyone makes it a point that dirt and waste are not thrown everywhere. All the waste from the dustbin is collected and kept in a pit, which the villagers use as manure. The villagers are now on a mission to ban plastic. The village with cent per cent literacy is conscious and they are spreading the message of conservation and protection of the forest. Locals plant trees to ensure that the virgin forest is kept intact and also replenished.
Mawlynnong's fame is now drawing an endless stream of guests from across the country and abroad. Although residential facilities are still scarce and are in the process of being developed, the existing one constructed from bamboo and thatch is quite hospitable and restful. Mawlynnong is an artist's delight and the sort of getaway that would titillate creative writers and poets.
Plastic is banned and spotless paths are lined with flowers, Bamboo dustbins stand at every corner, volunteers sweep the streets at regular intervals and large signs order visitors to throw away plastic packaging: littering is sternly frowned upon.
Awards and Recognition
·Cleanest Village in Asia' in 2003 by Discover India Magazine
·Mawlynnong also referred to as God's Own Garden in documentary directed by Wallambok Alexander Kharkongor and Jonmejoy Tamuly
·Mawlynnong is hailed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Oct, 2015Mann kiBaat radio address