The majority of Indian population resides in rural areas making the up-liftment of rural sector extremely important for the overall development of nation. Therefore, rural development has been focus of various Govt. schemes and policies. Centre for Rural Development and Technology (CRDT) at IIT-Delhi has been acting as a nodal centre for rural development for the last 37 years with the vision of taking the benefits of Science and Technological advancements to rural areas by providing technical back-up for the sustainable development and to create replicable models for the nation.
CRDT at IIT-Delhi has always believed in and had the motto of sustainability and preservation of our rich natural heritage, cultural knowledge and, validation and implementation of traditional methods through modern technology. Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is a programme launched by MHRD with IIT-Delhi as the co-ordinating institute. The mission of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is to enable higher educational institute to work with the people of rural India identifying developmental challenges & evolving appropriate solutions for accelerating sustainable growth. Panchgavya is a concoction prepared basically by mixing five products of cow. The three direct constituents are cow dung, urine and milk, the two derived products are curd and ghee. Anyone of these five if present as major component in a product that can be categorized as “Panchgavya based product”. Use of Panchgavya and Panchgavya based products in agriculture, medicine, food etc. is already in practice in various parts of rural India. It is claimed to be sustainable and beneficial in most of the aspects, but its application is restricted only to few regions/community. It is because the scientific validation of Panchgavya and related products and its certification, which is very much required for its wide application and to convince the users has not yet been done. In this regard, Unnat Bharat Abhiyan has led the centre to initiate a National Project for the validation of Panchgavya and related products through action research programme having strong S&T component. Go-Vigyan Anusandhan Kendra, Deolpapar, Nagpur is also collaborating in this programme.
The committee decided to form working groups on five subjects of panchgaya based on its applicability which are as follow
Uniqueness of Indigenous Cows– Validating the uniqueness of indigenous cows and their products over exotic cows.
Panchgavya in Agriculture – Validating the use of panchgavya and related products as bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, seed quality improvement, soil health improvement etc.
Panchgavya in Medicine and Health – Validating the Panchgavya and related products as medicine against human and animal diseases such as cancer, diabetes, blood pressure etc.
Panchgavya in Food & Nutrition – Analyzing the physical, chemical and biological properties of Panchgavya. Improvising its use as healthy food by revealing the beneficial effects of the same.
Panchgavya For Utilities, Products & Processes – Scientific analysis and certification of Panchgavya and related products. Example – soaps, mosquito coils/mats, dhoop, wall panels, insulators etc.
In order to initiate the program at national level, the centre wants to organize a two days brainstorming-cum-consultative workshop involving different stakeholders including research institutes, academics, voluntary organization, and related industries.
Involvement of Scientific Community
The centre aims to invite specialized groups working on panchgavya in organizations like DST, ICAR, DBT, ICMR, CSIR, AAYUSH, DSIR, Go-Vigyan Anusandhan Kendra, other goshala’s and other voluntary agencies like, Centre for Indian Knowledge System (CIKS), Chennai; Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT), Bangalore; Centre of Science for Villages, Wardha; Murugappa Chetiar Research Centre (MCRC), Chennai; M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF), Chennai; Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari. More institutions/VO’s/Field agencies working in the proposed area may be included later.
A discussion paper on Panchgavya will be prepared which may include some details about panchgavya and its products, their preparation, application, mode of action, success stories, products available etc. and will be made available for the workshop.
The technologies and methodologies that will be required for the validation and effective application of Panchgavya and its products will be identified and a plan of action will be prepared during the workshop. Pre proposals will be presented by various institutes/experts for discussion and categorization during the workshop under 5 broad areas.
The workshop will have parallel brainstorming sessions in five different categories whereby the above mentioned proposals by various groups will be discussed
Each of the five fields can have a number of proposals associated and then a portfolio combining all these proposals of each category will be developed. We are hoping to come up with five outstanding portfolios in the workshop as a result of the brainstorming session. Finally, these portfolios will be discussed and a plan of action will be prepared.
Another agenda to be entertained in the workshop is the availability of funding options from different Govt. and Pvt. agencies. The exploration of funding options will be done keeping in view the scale of operation & implementation of such multi-site and multi-institutional programme.